The Open Cities Index (OCI) is a public sector benchmarking initiative to measure the maturity of public sector organization’s open data programs. Open data is foundational to municipal innovation efforts and is as a mechanism to uphold transparency and accountability in government. The OCI survey serves to audit those initiatives.

1City of EdmontonAB98.82%
2City of WinnipegMB74.94%
3City of OttawaON74.90%
4City of CalgaryAB74.84%
5Ville de MontréalQC71.78%
6City of New WestminsterBC66.05%
7Halifax Regional MunicipalityNS55.67%
8York RegionON53.79%
9City of MississaugaON48.65%
10City of GuelphON48.24%
11Niagara RegionON46.74%
12City of BramptonON43.84%
13City of BrandonMB43.55%
14City of BurlingtonON41.15%
15City of VictoriaBC40.46%
16City of WellandON37.51%
17Region of DurhamON37.37%
18City of KitchenerON35.69%
19City of HamiltonON33.24%
20City of Prince GeorgeBC32.76%


1. Edmonton, AB

Ranking: 1st  |  Score: 98.82%

The City of Edmonton’s open data program receives guidance from an open data committee that meets monthly and is bolstered by an open data policy, an open data strategic plan equipped with a roadmap for implementation, and an open data portal. The portal publicly hosts 42 of 43 data sets listed in the Implementation section of the OCI. Edmonton has also implemented software to automate the data publishing process – an important tool for the sustainability of open data initiatives.

The City of Edmonton has also taken steps to measure the impact of their open data work. The City is one of only five OCI participants that reported measuring the extent to which municipal staff accesses open data for internal operations, and one of 12 respondents to report that a framework is in place to measure the quality of published data sets. Edmonton continues to exemplify exceptional open data work and their efforts aren’t without acclaim, earning them the coveted first-place ranking.

2. City of Winnipeg, MB

Ranking: 2nd  |  Score: 74.94%

The City of Winnipeg was one of only 12 organizations reporting having open data personas accompanying their open datasets – these personas help open data users better understand how data may be used based on their particular sector or use case (e.g. researcher vs. entrepreneur). Winnipeg is also one of only 8 organizations that reported implementing other mechanisms to measure the impact of their open data program, namely tracking the usage of their open data by local websites and the internal use of open data by the City itself.

3. City of Ottawa, ON

Ranking: 3rd  |  Score: 74.90%

The City of Ottawa is one of only 10 organizations who reported releasing a survey to learn how users are using the data they are downloading. Understanding how users use open data remains one of the greatest challenges for governments, but at the same time, is also one of the most valuable pieces of information required to justify funding an open data program. Having an Open Data Master Plan is already a significant achievement for municipalities, and in the case of the City of Ottawa, their plan was created with feedback from both staff and the public, further demonstrating Ottawa’s open data maturity. Finally, with a nod to open data’s role in supporting innovation at the local level, the City of Ottawa has included open data within its Smart City Plan.


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“The Open Cities Index has provided Edmonton with an important way to objectively benchmark our Open Data program. It was instrumental in providing us a goal to aspire to and to challenge ourselves with. The City of Edmonton is extremely proud to be ranked #1 in Canada for all four years of the Open Cities Index.”

 – Soumya Ghosh, Director of Digital Enablement, City of Edmonton

“The actionable guidance and meaningful feedback we receive through the Open Cities Index is truly valuable. It helps inform our Open Data Program, ensuring the data shared provides maximum value to our stakeholders.”

– Acting Chief Innovation Officer Glen Cottick, City of Winnipeg

“At the City of Ottawa, we have benefitted greatly from our participation in the Open Cities Index survey. This has been a key tool that has allowed our team to identify gaps in our program, benchmark against other leading municipal Open Data programs and supported the development of our departmental Open Data release plans. Since our initial participation in the survey in 2015, OCI has been a crucial asset in growing and enhancing our Open Data program at the City of Ottawa.

– Marc René de Cotret, Director, Service Transformation, City of Ottawa

1City of EdmontonAB98%
2City of TorontoON90%
3City of WinnipegMB74%
4City of CalgaryAB73%
5City of SurreyBC72%
6City of New WestministerBC71%
7Ville de MontrealQC70%
8City of BramptonON62%
9Niagara RegionON61%
10City of OttawaON60%
11Strathcona CountyAB59%
12City of VancouverBC54%
13City of BrandonMB50%
14York RegionON49%
15City of KamloopsBC49%
16City of MississaugaON48%
17City of OakvilleON48%
18City of BurlingtonON48%
19Greater SudburyON47%
20City of WellandON46%